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Prevent Your Knee Cap From Going Off-Track

Updated: Jun 13

The knee cap, also known as the patella, plays a vital role in extending your knee joint. Whenever you use your knee joint or get indulged in any activity like stair climbing, the knee cap glides smoothly within a groove at the front of the lower leg bone (tibia).


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However, sometimes this groove may be underdeveloped or misaligned, leading to a condition called Trochlear Dysplasia. This can cause the patella to track improperly, increasing the risk of dislocation (slipping out of place).


UNMASKING THE HIDDEN CULPRIT BEHIND KNEE PAIN: Symptoms & Knee Cap Dislocation

Sometimes, the groove in the tibia is shallow or altered, affecting patellar tracking and on the other hand the patella can sit higher than normal on the femur (thigh bone), increasing the risk of dislocation. The individual can then experience the following symptoms: 1) Pain around the kneecap, especially during activities that involve bending the knee. 2) Difficulty bending the knee fully (flexion). 3) A feeling of instability or catching in the knee. 4) Swelling and tenderness around the kneecap. 5) A visible sideways displacement of the kneecap (dislocation)


PHYSIOTHERAPY TO ALLEVIATE EXTREME DISCOMFORTS & KNEE PAIN   

At ABTP, the orthopedic issues such as knee pain due to patella dislocation are most efficiently addressed by the professionals at the centers. They will design a comprehensive plan to address your specific needs and include the following elements varying from one  person to another.


1. Pain Management:

  • Manual therapy techniques like mobilization help to improve flexibility and reduce muscle tightness around the knee joint.

  • Modalities such as ultrasound or electrical stimulation to manage pain and inflammation.


2. Strengthening Exercises:

  • Quadriceps strengthening exercises to improve stability and control of the kneecap.

  • Hamstring muscle strengthening exercises for overall knee joint support.

  • Glute muscle strengthening exercises to enhance lower limb stability and alignment.

  • Calf muscle strengthening exercises enhance overall lower limb stability along with proprioception and help to facilitate functional movements.




3. Patellar Tracking Exercises:

  • Specific exercises to improve the way your kneecap glides within the groove.

  • Taping techniques to provide temporary support and guide patellar movement.


4. Flexibility Training:

  • Gentle stretches for the quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, and other leg muscles to improve range of motion and prevent tightness.


5. Balance and Proprioception Training:

  • Exercises to improve your balance and awareness of your knee joint position, which can help prevent future dislocations.


6. Bracing:

  • In some cases, wearing a knee brace may be recommended to provide additional support and stability during activities.


LIVING WITH PATELLAR DISLOCATION & MANAGING KNEE PAIN

Patellar groove malformation can be dealt effectively with proper treatment from Abhinav Bindra Targeting Performance. Few lifestyle modifications such as maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding activities that aggravate pain, and wearing appropriate footwear can contribute to long-term pain-relief.

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Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for preventing complications like recurrent dislocations and cartilage damage. If you experience any symptoms consult a healthcare professional to discuss a personalized treatment plan.


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