A spinal cord injury is a damage to any part of the spinal cord, or nerves at the end of the spinal canal causing permanent changes in strength, sensation and other body functions below the site of injury
A very good and famous example of this is Ms. Deepa Malik, the Indian athlete, she is the first women who won medal in Paralympic games and won silver medal in 2016 in summer Paralympic in shot put. She has got this physical limitation ever since she was diagnosed with spinal tumor in 1999 but that also dint stop her achieving the medals in the carrier of sports.
The impairments and complications are depend upon the type of injury that has occurred to the body. Like if somebody has
Complete spinal cord injury: the person may not able to appreciate any kind of sensation and will not be able to control the body movements below the level of injury.
Incomplete spinal cord injury: the person may have some motor or sensory function below the injury level. There are varying degrees of incomplete injury.
There are various techniques and methods that has been opted to deal with the complication of spinal cord and the biggest limitation of these patients are that they cannot ambulate on their own which in turn lead to bedsore, tight muscles, muscle atrophy, improper circulation of blood in lower limb. But ABTP for the very first time in India has got the solution to it which not only can help in improving the circulation and preventing the bed sore but will help them to walk on their own. Walker view is a highly advance and equipped with high technology which uplifts the spinal cord patient straight up with the help of the harness by which they can put the body weight on their own feet and get the proprioception training and we can even ambulate on the treadmill with the help of the therapist.
It is common in women especially after menopause as estrogen a hormone decreases in women sharply which protects the bone. Typical symptoms of osteoporosis are
Loss of height over time
Bone that break easily than expected
Osteoporosis occurs when there is an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone resorption. The body may fail to form enough new bone, or too much old bone may be reabsorbed, or both. Two essential minerals for normal bone formation are calcium and phosphate Calcium is essential for proper functioning of the heart, brain, and other organs. To keep those critical organs functioning, the body reabsorbs calcium that is stored in the bones to maintain blood calcium levels. If calcium intake is not sufficient or if the body does not absorb enough calcium from the diet, bone production and bone tissue may suffer. Thus, the bones may become weaker, resulting in fragile and brittle bones that can break easily.
It can be treated well by
- Eat a healthy diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential to absorbing calcium. You’ll find it in cooked salmon; dairy products and greens including broccoli, bok choy and kale.
- Get at least 30 minutes a day of weight-bearing physical activity. Jogging, walking and hiking are great activities to strengthen your bones. Dancing, yoga and tai chi can also build up your density levels while improving your balance.
- Get outdoors in the sun. Sunshine helps your body process vitamin D, which is essential to calcium absorption. Exercise outdoors and get a double benefit!
- Get your vitamin D and calcium levels checked by your health care provider if you are over the age of 50 or post menopause.
Pregnant women are more susceptible to varicose veins. Varicose veins are large, swollen veins that often appear on the legs and feet. They happen when the valves in the veins do not work properly, so the blood does not flow effectively.
To prevent the vein from further damaging, some measures can be taken at home which include
Exercises of the lower limb to maintain circulation, wearing stockings initially full day without failure, losing weight, raising the leg up above the heart level while lying straight on back, no keeping leg down on floor for long, avoiding standing long hours